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Plans, Elevations and Sections, Of Noblemen and Gentlemen's Houses, And Also Of Stabling, Bridges, Public and Private, Temples, and other Garden Buildings; Executed In The Counties Of Derby, Durham, Middlesex, Northumberland, Nottingham, and York. By James Paine, Architect, One of the Directors of the Society of Artists of Great-Britain. Part The First. Illustrated by Seventy-Four Large Folio Plates.

James Paine

RA Collection: Book

Record number

06/3512

Author

Imprint

London:: Printed for the Author, And Sold By Mr. Davies, in Russel-Street, Covent-Garden; Mr. Dodsley, Pall-Mall; Mr. Brotherton, Cornhill; Mr. Webley, near Chancery-Lane, Holborn; and at the Author's House, Salisbury-Street, Strand., M.DCC.LXVII.

Physical Description

[4], iv, [6], 16 [i.e. 17], [5] p., 74 [i.e. 55] pl.; 505 mm.

General Note

There is a bis p.[11]. The two-page text on Chatsworth has been transposed from the beginning to the end of the text. Nineteen plates carry two numbers but are single folding plates (viz. nos. 2/3, 4/5, 6/7, 8/9, 10/11, 13/14, 15/16, 18/19, 20/21, 23/24, 30/31, 33/34, 35/36, 37/38, 39/40, 44/45, 49/50, 51/52, 54/55).

Contents

[T.p., dedic.] - Preface - Subscribers - A List of the several Plates, Contained in the following Work - [Text] - [Plates].

Responsibility Note

All plates are signed as by James Paine, Architect; one is also signed as drawn by Christr. Ebdon (pl. 60). Most are signed by their engravers - H. Mackworth, T. Morris, T. Miller, F. Patton, T. White, J.S. Miller, P. Mazell, J. June.

References

ESTC, T135969
Royal Institute of British Architects, British Architectural Library ... Early printed books, 3 (1999), no. 2375, p.1318-9.
National Gallery (Washington), Mark J. Millard Architectural Collection, II (1998), no. 50, p.188-90.
E. Harris and N. Savage, British Architectural Books (1990), no. 664.
J. Archer, Literature of British domestic architecture (1985), no. 243.1, p.650-2.
Johns Hopkins University, The Fowler Architectural Collection (1961), no. 207, p.172.
P. Leach, James Paine (1988).
J. Harris, The design of the English country house, 1620-1920 (1985).

Summary Note

The second part was published in 1783, when it was accompanied by a second edition of Part The First.

The plates show: Chatsworth (1-11), Cowick-hall (12-14), Gosforth (15-25), Whitehall (26-32), Belford (33-36), Serlby (37-40), Stockold-Park (41-46), Sandbeck (47-52), Bywell (53-55), Axwell-Park (56-60), Heath (61-62), St. Ives (63-66), Gibside (67-69), Forcet (70-72), Bramhall-Park (73), Gopshall (74).

Befriended by Isaac Ware and Lord Burlington, Paine afterwards established his own country-house practice, with such success that it was said that he and Sir Robert Taylor nearly divided the practice between them. He became a leading member, and sometime President, of the Society of Artists of Great Britain, from which in 1768 William Chambers and some others defected to form the Royal Academy of Arts; but the story that this resulted from rivalry between Paine and Chambers is unfounded. In the Preface to his Plans, Paine declares that under the patronage of Burlington and others British architecture has attained such a pitch of splendour as to rival that of the Roman Empire. Progress has come from the study of such sites as 'Palmyra, Spolatra and Balbec', but has also required development beyond the ancient models. Greek architecture was inferior to that of Rome; and anyone who would travel to study either would imbibe 'wrong principles in his art'. Roman and Palladian models should not be copied without adaptation to British customs and climate. Neither Palladio nor any other master has been able 'to fix a standard of architecture', and rather than analysing the five orders the architect should be 'guided by what is called taste' and judgment. Thus deprecating the newer adaptations from classical antiquity, Paine did not have a large influence on the next generation of architects.

Reproductions

An electronic reproduction was published in 203 (Farmington Hiulls, Mich.: Thmomson Gale). A microfilm version was published in 2002 (Woodbridge, Conn.: Primary Source Microfilm [imprint of Gale Group]).

Provenance

The front pastedown is inscribed in ink, 'The Gift of my Worthy Friend James Paine Esqr.', and carries the 18th-century armorial book-plate of Tilly Kettle.

Binding Note

18th-century calf, upper cover carrying a now incomplete, pasted-on, label, inscribed in ink, '... Designs for Houses ... ples. & other Ornamental. Buildings ... on 74 Large Copper plates with ...'; rebacked in 20th century, red morocco spine-label lettered 'Paine's Works', spine lettered 'RA'.

Name as Subject

Subject

Architecture, British - Country houses - Bridges - Garden structures - Great Britain - History - 18th century - Palladian - Rococo
Plans - Elevations - Sections - Great Britain - 18th century
Pictorial works - Great Britain - 18th century

Contributors

H. Mackworth, engraver
Thomas Morris, engraver
Tobias Miller, engraver
Francis Patton, engraver
Thomas White, engraver
Johann Sebastian Müller, engraver
Peter Mazell, engraver
John June, engraver
Thomas Davies, bookseller
William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, dedicatee
James Paine, publisher, previous owner
Christopher Ebdon, draughtsman
James Dodsley, bookseller
James Brotherton, bookseller
A. Webley, bookseller
Tilly Kettle, previous owner
Henry Webley, bookseller