The March to Finchley, 1750
William Hogarth (1697 - 1764)
RA Collection: Art
Etching after William Hogarth's painting The March of the Guards to Finchley (1749-50, The Foundling Museum, London), which alludes to march of troops to Finchley Common, north of London, in readiness to defend the capital, and proceed to Scotland, during the second Jacobite rebellion. The scene is the Tottenham Court Turnpike and shows a bustling and varied assembly typical of Hogarth, with soldiers mingling with their families, tradesen, drinkers and beggars. In the distance (the scene faces northwards) a disciplined line of soldiers can be seen proceeding towards Finchley.
Einberg suggests Hogarth's intention was to show that the seemingly disorganised force in the foreground was transformed into a model army once about its task, and one which accordingly secured a resounding victory over the Jacobites within a few months. The Jacobite rebeliion was frequently addressed in Hogarth's prints, for example in The Gate of Calais (17/3546) which shows exiled Scottish and Irish Jacobites in France, or his portrait of Simon, Lord Lovat on his way to trial (17/3542).
The print was engraved by Luke Sullivan and first published in 1750, with further impressions print in 1761 after Hogarth retouched the plate (the artist did this with many of his earlier plates during his final years).
This is an unusual impression of the print. The three preceding states carried the dedication 'To his Majesty the King of Prusia [sic] and Encourager of Arts and Sciences! This Plate is most humbly Dedicated' (one apocryphal story behind this dedication is that Hogarth had planned to dedicate the print to George II but was offended by the monarch's reply and dedicated it to Frederick II of Prussia instead). In this state, however, there is a blank space (the dedication was restored in subsequent states). J.B. Nichols' Anecdotes of William Hogarth, written by Himself contains the story that 'immediately after the print was published, some of his [Hogarth's] friends objecting to an English print being inscribed to a foreign potentate, he replied, 'We'll soon remedy that', and directed the printer to take off a few of the impressions, covering the dedication with fan-paper'. If the story is true and was a case of a handful of impressions being made as a joke, this state must be very rare (Paulson only lists one impression, in the British Museum).
412 mm x 545 mm
Hogarth's prints. Vol. I. - [s.l.]: [n.d.]
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