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Unidentified sculptor, Herakles fighting an Amazon.

Herakles fighting an Amazon., c. 420-400 B.C.

After Unidentified sculptor

RA Collection: Art

This cast is of part of the frieze from the Temple of Apollo Epikourios ('Apollo the Helper'), Bassae, southwest Arcadia, Greece. The complete frieze ran around the main room of the temple. It depicted two battles, one between the Lapiths and the Centaurs (West and North), the other between the Greeks and the Amazons (East and South).

This section from the South frieze was positioned opposite the doorway, which entered from the north. It shows Herkales wielding his club against Hippolyta, the Amazonian Queen.

The British Museum purchased the frieze, often referred to as the 'Phigaleian marbles', in 1814 and it entered the collection the following year. This cast is one of a set commissioned by the Royal Academy under the direction of Richard Westmacott RA in 1816.

The Temple of Apollo Epikourios ('Apollo the Helper') at Bassae (Phigalia) in southwest Arcadia, Greece was built between 420-400 BC by the architect Iktinos. A sculpted Ionic frieze of 23 slabs ran around the interior of the main room (cella) of the temple. It showed three battle scenes, the Trojan Amazonomachy, the Herakleian Amazonmachy, and the Centauromachy.

In the summer of 1811 Carl Haller and R.C. Cockerell noticed these panels by chance, supposedly while peering down a fox hole. Haller returned to excavate in 1812. In 1814, the British Museum purchased all of the slabs. Under the direction of Richard Westmacott RA in 1816, the Royal Academy commissioned casts of the complete frieze. Sixteen of the 23 casts are still today at the Academy.

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Object details

Title
Herakles fighting an Amazon.
From
Cast made by
From
The Bassae Sculptures; The Phigaleian Frieze.
Date
c. 420-400 B.C.
Object type
Cast Sculpture
Medium
Painted plaster cast
Dimensions

720 mm x 1860 mm x 220 mm

Collection
Royal Academy of Arts
Object number
03/1947
Acquisition
Made in-house
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