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Benjamin Robert Haydon, Fragment of a drawing of a reclining female figure, possibly for 'The Judgement of Solomon'

Fragment of a drawing of a reclining female figure, possibly for 'The Judgement of Solomon', ca.1812-20

Benjamin Robert Haydon (1786 - 1846)

RA Collection: Art

These drawings are studies for, or relating to, 'The Judgement of Solomon' (Plymouth Museum and Art Gallery) which Haydon painted between 1812-1814. The painting was first exhibited at the Oil and Water Colour Society, Spring Gardens 1814, and was purchased by Sir William Elford and J. W. Tingcombe for £735. While working on this painting Haydon became particularly interested in the Raphael Cartoons and the work of Michelangelo. He also studied Poussin, who painted this subject in 1649.

Haydon's diaries provide a considerable amount of information on his preparation for the 'Judgement of Solomon'. On the 8th April 1812 he wrote that, 'the mother should be as if she had burst out of her usual modesty; the moment she recollected herself she would blush'. In 1813 he recorded that the model for this figure was 'Patience Smith, a gipsy, about sixteen, with jet hair and brunette face - a perfect Raffaele. She sat for the young mother running off with her two children...She was a beautiful creature in figure as well as in face'. On the 3rd October 1812 Haydon noted that he had 'made an accurate drawing for the executioner from my old and faithful model, Sammons (who goes on Wednesday to Spain)…He sat for Macbeth and Dentatus, and has the cleanest wrists I ever saw'.

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These drawings are preparatory studies for Haydon's painting, 'Christ's Entry into Jerusalem' (1814 - 1820, St. Gregory's Seminary, Cinncinati, USA). The painting was first exhibited at the Egyptian Hall in March 1820, and was bought in 1823 for £350 by Edward Binns. The picture was well-received, though the head of Christ was criticised by William Hazlitt.

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Object details

Title
Fragment of a drawing of a reclining female figure, possibly for 'The Judgement of Solomon'
Artist/designer
Date
ca.1812-20
Object type
Drawing
Medium
Black and white chalk on brown paper
Dimensions

43.4 cm x 55 cm

Collection
Royal Academy of Arts
Object number
02/414
Acquisition
Bequeathed by Gilbert Bakewell Stretton 1949
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