Joseph Baretti (1719 - 1789)
RA Collection: People and Organisations
Giuseppe Marc‘Antonio Baretti was an Italian writer, translator, poet and literary critic born in Turin, who spent many years living in London, where he was often known as Joseph Baretti.
He came to London in 1751 and became acquainted with members of the literary and artistic establishment, such as Samuel Johnson, David Garrick, Henry Fielding and Sir Joshua Reynolds (who painted Baretti’s portrait).
He was appointed the first Secretary of Foreign Correspondence to the Royal Academy of Arts in 1769.
On 6th October 1769, while walking along the Haymarket in London, Baretti was involved in a scuffle with a number of men during which he fatally wounded one of them with a fruit-knife. He was arrested and brought to trial for murder at the Old Bailey. His friends, including Sir Joshua Reynolds, Samuel Johnson, Edmund Burke, David Garrick, Topham Beauclerk and Oliver Goldsmith, testified at the trial to his good character. The jury acquitted him on the grounds of self-defence.
Born: 25 April 1719 in Turin, Italy
Died: 5 May 1789
Honorary officer: Secretary for Foreign Correspondence 1769 - 1789
A Guide Through The Royal Academy, By Joseph Baretti Secretary For Foreign Correspondence To The Royal Academy. - London:: 
A Dictionary Of The English and Italian Languages. By Joseph Baretti. Improved and augmented with above Ten Thousand Words, omitted in the last Edition of Altieri. To which is prefixed, An Italian and English Grammar. A New Edition. Volume I. (II.) - London,: 
James Northcote, Rome, to Samuel and Polly Northcote
4 Feb 1778
James Northcote, London, to [Samuel Northcote]
21 Sep 1771
Joseph Baretti's Guide through the Royal Academy
Title page for A Guide through the Royal Academy, by Joseph Baretti