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The Temples Of Jupiter Panhellenius At Ægina, And Of Apollo Epicurius At Bassæ Near Phigaleia In Arcadia. By C.R. Cockerell, Professor Of Architecture In The Royal Academy, Member Of The Institute Of British Architects, London; Honorary Doctor Of Civil Law, Oxford; Member Of The Dilettanti Society; Associated Member Of The Institute Of France, And Chevalier Of The Legion Of Honour; Member Of The Academy Of St. Luke In Rome; Foreign Member Of The Academies Of Munich, Copenhagen, Geneva, Etc., Etc., Etc. To Which Is Added A Memoir Of The Systems Of Proportion Employed In The Original Design Of These Structures. By William Watkiss Lloyd.

C.R. Cockerell RA

RA Collection: Book

Record number

05/731

Author

Imprint

London:: John Weale, 59, High Holborn., 1860.

Physical Description

x, 1-41, [4], 44-94 p., frontis., 2 engr. dedic., 17 [i.e. 19], 16, 3 pl.: illus.; 570 mm. (Folio.)

General Note

In the first sequence of plates there is a bis pl. 6 and an unnumbered pl. (photo.) between pl. 15 and 16. Pl. 16 is dble. and fold. In the second sequence pl. 1 and 10 do not carry numbers.

Contents

[Frontis., t.p., engr. dedic.] - Ægina. List Of Vignettes And Plates; Errata - Preface - Introduction - [Text and pl. 1-17 with illus.] - [Engr. dedic.] - Phigaleia. List Of Plates; Errata - [Text and pl. [1-]16] - [Divisional t.p., 'Memoir On The Systems Of Proportion ... By William Watkiss Lloyd'] - [Text and pl. 1-3]; [colophon].

Responsibility Note

The frontispiece is signed as drawn by C.R. Cockerell and [engraved] by R. Brandard. In the first sequence of numbered plates most are signed as drawn by C.R. Cockerell (but pl. 2 is signed as drawn by J.M.W. Turner), and engraved by R. Brandard or Edmd. Turrell (pl. 6 bis is signed as etched by Turrell and aquatinted by Rosenberg; pl. 12, 13 are signed by Day & Son Lithographers; pl. 16 is signed as engraved by W.D. Taylor). Each carries the publisher's imprint of John Weale (apart from pl. 11, 12), usually with his address in High Holborn but in two cases (pl. 9, 10) with his address in High St., Bloomsbury. In the second sequence of plates most are signed as drawn by C.R. Cockerell and engraved by Edmd. Turrell or Jas. Carter. Each carries the publisher's imprint of John Weale (apart from pl. [1], [10]). In the third sequence all three plates are signed as designed by W.W.Lloyd and lithographed by Day & Son; and none carries a publisher's imprint. Most in-text illustrations are unsigned; but the vignette of the first engraved dedication is signed as drawn by C.R. Cockerell and engraved by J. Carter, and the illustration on p. 17 carries the publisher's imprint of John Weale. The printers' name is given on the title-page verso and in the colophon: 'London: Bradbury And Evans, Printers, Whitefriars.' The first part of the work is dedicated by Chas. Robt. Cockerell to the memory of William R. Hamilton, Esq., F.R.S.; the second, by C.R. Cockerell to the Society of Dilettanti.

References

D. Watkin, 'C.R. Cockerell and the role of archaeology in modern classical architecture', in The classicist, 2 (1996), p.16-24; P. Broucke, ed., The archaeology of architecture: C.R. Cockerell in southern Europe and the Levant1810-1817 (1993); I. Jenkins, Archeologists and aesthetes in the sculpture galleries of the British Museum 1800-1939 (1992); D.J. Watkin, 'Archaeology and the Greek Revival: a case study of C.R. Cockerell', in Late Georgian classicism, ed. R. White and C. Lightburn (1988), p.58-72; H. Bankel, Carl Haller von Hallerstein in Griechenland (1986); C.R. Cockerell, ed. S.P. Cockerell, Travels in southern Europe and the Levant1810-1817 (1903); O.M. von Stackelberg, Der Apollotempel zu Bassae in Arcadien (1826).

Summary Note

This publication, by one of the leaders of the Greek Revival in Britain, describes the excavations which he had carried out much earlier, in 1811, in the company of Karl Haller von Hallerstein, Jakob Linkh, John Foster and O.M. von Stackelberg. (A similar survey which he carried out in 1812 at the temple of Zeus at Acragas in Sicily had been published in 1830.) The text describes the structure and sculpture (and traces of colour) of the temple of Aphaia (not Jupiter Panhellenius) on the island of Ægina, built shortly after 510 B.C., and those of the temple of Apollo at Bassæ in the Peloponnese, designed by Ictinus, and built ca.429-400 B.C. The latter was built in innovative, transitional style. It includes the earliest known Corinthian capital, unique Ionic columns with flared volutes and bases, engaged columns and an interior frieze. A good overview of all these features is given in the tailpiece on p. 59; and details are displayed in plates 2 (ground plan), 11 (section through the adytum), 12 (longitudinal section), 13 (the Ionic order), 15 (the Corinthian capital). The frieze from Bassæ was bought by the Prince Regent (afterwards George IV) for the British Museum, and the Aiginetan marbles by Ludwig I for the Glyptothek in Munich. The plates are engravings, lithographs or aquatint. Some are hand-coloured (first sequence nos. 6bis, 7, 9); one is a photograph (between pl. 15 and 16).

Provenance

The title plate is inscribed in ink, 'To the Council & Members of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in London most respectfully & gratefully by the Author - June 24. 1860.'

Name as Subject

Subject

Architecture - Proportion - Architecture details - Sculpture - Outdoor sculpture - Site-specific works - Statues - Temples - Religious art - Religious buildings - Ruins - Greece - Aegina - Temple of Aphaia - Peloponnese - Bassae - Temple of Apollo - History - 5th century B.C.
British - Archaeology - Archaeologists - Greece - History - 19th century
Art history - Plans - Elevations - Sections - Views - Great Britain - 19th century
Pictorial works - Lithographs - Aquatints - Hand coloring - Great Britain - 19th century

Contributors

William Watkiss Lloyd, author, draughtsman
John Weale, publisher
C.R. Cockerell RA, draughtsman, previous owner, donor
Robert Brandard, engraver
J.M.W. Turner RA, draughtsman
Edmund Turrell, engraver
Rosenberg, engraver
W. D. Taylor, engraver
James Carter, engraver
William Richard Hamilton, dedicatee
Bradbury and Evans (London), printer
Day and Son, lithographer
Society of Dilettanti (London), dedicatee

Images from this book

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