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The Architecture Of A. Palladio; In Four Books. Containing A short Treatise of the Five Orders, and the most necessary Observations concerning all sorts of Building: As Also The different Construction of Private and Publick Houses, High-Ways, Bridges, Market-Places, Xystes, and Temples, with their Plans, Sections, and Uprights. Revis'd, Design'd, and Publish'd by Giacomo Leoni, a Venetian, Architect to His Most Serene Highness, the Late Elector Palatine. Translated from the Italian Original. The Third Edition, Corrected. With Notes and Remarks of Inigo Jones: Now first taken from his Original Manuscript in Worcester College Library, Oxford. And Also, An Appendix, containing the Antiquities of Rome. Written by A. Palladio. And a Discourse of the Fires of the Ancients. Never before Translated. In Two Volumes.

Andrea Palladio

RA Collection: Book

Record number



Uniform Title

[Quattro libri dell'architettura., English., Du Bois., 1724.]

Variant Title

Antiquities of Rome
Antichità di Roma
Discourse of the fires of the ancients
Treatise concerning the fires of the ancients
Fires of the ancients
Fuochi deli antichi


London:: Printed for A. Ward, in Little-Britain; S. Birt, in Ave-Mary-Lane; D. Browne, without Temple-Bar; C. Davis, in Pater-noster-Row; T. Osborne, in Gray's-Inn; and A. Millar, against St. Clement's Church in the Strand., M. DCC. XLII.

Physical Description

2 vols.; 466 mm. (Folio).

General Note

Vol. I: viii, 104 p., port., frontis., xliii (on 35 sheets), lxi, xxii (on 20 sheets) (1 dble. & fold.) pl. In Book I the following groups of plates are printed on one sheet: pl. 1-4, 5-7, 31-34. Plate 19 is misnumbered as 18. In Book III plates numbered 3,4 are printed on one sheet from one copper, and so are those numbered 5, 6. Plate 10 is double and folded. - Vol. II: 100 p., civ pl. (on 92 sheets) (14 sheets dble. and fold.). The following plate-numbers have been assigned to single coppers printed on single sheets: 7/8, 13/14, 20/21, 29/30, 35/36/37, 56/57, 76/77, 84/85/86, 87/88/89, 99/100. The following are on double, folded sheets: 7/8, 13/14, 20/21, 29/30, 35/36/37, 42, 51, 56/57, 76/77, 84/85/86, 87/88/89, 90, 94, 99/100.


Vol. I: [Port., frontis., t.-p.] - Advertisement From The Proprietors of this Third Edition - Preface to the First Edition [by James Leoni] - The Author's Preface - The First Book - Notes and Remarks of Inigo Jones - [plates.] - [T.p. of Book the Second; text and notes; plates] - [T.p. of Book the Third; text and notes; plates]. - Vol. II: [T.p. of Book the Fourth] - The Preface To The Reader [by Palladio] - [Text; plates] - A Table Of the most remarkable Things contain'd in the Two Volumes of Architecture - Appendix. The Antiquities Of Rome. By Andrea Palladio. To which is added, A Discourse of the Fires of the Ancients.

Responsibility Note

The plates are reprints of those in the French edition of 1726 - which are themselves reprints of those of the 1715-1720 edition but with Book numbers added to the tops of plates. The portrait is signed as painted by Paulus Caliary Veronensis (though in fact it was painted by Sebastiano Ricci) and drawn and engraved by B. Picart. The frontispiece is signed as designed by Sebastianus Riccius and drawn and engraved by B. Picart. Only five plates are signed by a draughtsman (J. Leoni, Bk. I, pl. 38, 41-3, Bk. II pl. 2); but many are signed by their engraver (B. Picart, M. Vdr. Gucht, John Harris, J. Cole).


RIBA, Early printed books, 3 (1999), no. 2396; E. Harris and N. Savage, British Architectural Books (1990), 685.

J. Newman, 'Italian treatises in use: the significance of Inigo Jones's annotations', in Les traités de la Renaissance, ed. J. Guillaume (1988), p.435-41; I. Jones, Inigo Jones on Palladio, 2 v. [transcription and facsimile] (1971); M. Tafuri, 'La fortuna del Palladio alla fine del Cinquecento e l'architettura di Inigo Jones', in Bolletino Centro internazionale di studi di architettura Andrea Palladio (1970), 47-62; R. Wittkower, 'Giacomo Leoni's edition of Palladio's Quattro libri dell'architettura', in Arte Veneta, VIII (1954), p. 310-16.

An English translation, The four books, by R. Tavernor and R. Schofield, was published in 1997 (with full bibliography).
ESTC, T22367

Summary Note

This is the third edition of N. Dubois's English translation, first published by Leoni between 1715 and 1721. The first edition had been followed by other English translations (Cole and Hoppus's in 1732, and Ware's in 1737), and it was probably in response to Ware's version that this third edition was brought out, enlarged with notes of Inigo Jones and anonymous translations of the L'Antichità di Roma of Palladio and the Fuochi degli antichi of an unknown writer.

Although Jones's notes are imperfectly transcribed, this edition seems to have sold well.


An electronic reproduction was published in 2003 (Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale). A microfilm version was published in 1986 (Woodbridge, CT: Research Publications).


Acquired between 1769 and 1802. Recorded in RAA Library, Catalogue, 1802.

Copy Note

The two volumes are bound together.

Binding Note

18th-century calf; rebacked in 20th century, spine stamped 'R.A.', red morocco spine-label lettered 'Leoni's Treatise On Palladio'.


Plans - Elevations Sections - Pattern books - Translations into English - Translations from Italian - Great Britain - 18th century
Pictorial works - Great Britain - 18th century


Inigo Jones, commentator
Giacomo Leoni, draughtsman, editor
Nicolas Du Bois, translator
Sebastiano Ricci, source artist
Michael van der Gucht, engraver
Aaron Ward, publisher
Samuel Birt, publisher
Daniel Browne II, publisher
Charles Davis, publisher
Thomas Osborne, publisher
Andrew Millar, publisher
Bernard Picart, draughtsman, engraver
John Harris the elder, engraver
James Cole, engraver