[Musaeum Graecum Et Aegyptiacum, Or, Antiquities of Greece and Egypt, Illustrated by Prints, from Mr. Dalton's Drawings.]
RA Collection: Book
Antiquities And Views In Greece And Egypt
Three plates carry dedications by Richard Dalton - to Lord Charlemont [pl.1], John Frederick [pl.2] and F. Pierpoint Burton (later Lord Conyngham) [pl.28].
M. McCarthy, ed., Lord Charlemont and his circle: essays (2001); C. O'Connor: The pleasing hours: the grand tour of James Caulfield, 1st earl of Charlemont (1999); Charlemont, The travels of Lord Charlemont in Greece and Turkey 1749, ed. W.B. Stanford and E.J. Finopoulos (1984).
The work is one of the first examples of a new wave of interest in archaeology, fired among a group of British travellers in Rome about 1749. It records the visit to Greece and the Levant which Richard Dalton made in 1749-50 with Lord Charlemont, R. Kynaston, J. Frederick, F.P. Burton, E. Murphy and Alexander Scott. Dalton's plates were less exact than those of Wood or of Stuart and Revett, and were disparaged by Robert Adam, but provide an early and interesting record of important buildings and sculpture. In 1767 Dalton went on to establish an academy of arts in Pall-Mall, which led to the foundation of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1768. Dalton himself became an honorary Academician, and from 1770 to 1784 served as the Royal Academy's honorary Antiquary.
The plates are captioned in English and French, and show:  Temple of Theseus [i.e. Hephaesteum] at Athens;  View of Mt. Aetna;  View of the Parthenion, Athens;  View of the Parthenion, North side;  South-East Angle; [6-10] Basso Relievos on the Frize of the Inner Portico;  Plan of the Parthenon; [12-15] Temple of Erichtheus, Athens [2 views, details, a Caryatid]; [16-19] Tower of Andronicus or Temple of the Winds, Athens [elevation, section, basso relievos]; [20-22] Temple of Hercules called Lanthorn of Demosthenes [i.e. choragic monument of Lysicrates] [elevation, frieze, cupola];  Arch of Hadrian, Athens;  Monument to Philopappus, Athens; [25, 26] Views of Constantinople [from above Scutari, from above Galata]; [27, 28] Grotto at Antíparos [entrance, interior view];  View of the Pyramids, Gizeh; [30-35] Pyramids at Gizeh [view, entrance, section, sloping gallery &c., lesser chamber, largest chamber]; [36-39] Pyramids of Saccara [views, section, chambers]; [40-42] catacombs at Alexandria [entrance, temple, temple-plan]; Pompey's Pillar, Alexandria. (The RIBA copy has the same plates, but grouped in a somewhat different order.)
Some of Dalton's drawings of the Partheon sculpture are preserved at the British Museum.
Name as Subject
Mountains - Volcanoes - Landscapes (environments) - Italy - Sicily - Mount Aetna - History
Architecture - Monuments - Tombs - Pyramids - Catacombs - Egypt - Cairo - Gizeh - Alexandria - History
Cities - Landscapes (environments) - Turkey - Istanbul - History - 18th century
Views - Plans - Elevations - Sections - Architecture details - Great Britain - 18th century
Pictorial works - Great Britain - 18th century
Jean Baptiste Claude Chatelain, engraver
Edward Rooker, engraver
James Basire the elder, engraver
Johann Sebastian Müller, engraver
Antoine Radigues, engraver
James Mason, engraver
François Vivares, engraver
James Caulfeild, 1st Earl of Charlemont, dedicatee
Sir John Frederick Bt., dedicatee
Francis Pierpoint Burton, 2nd baron Conyngham, dedicatee