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Le Grand Escalier De Versailles.

RA Collection: Book

Record number

03/2188

Imprint

[S.l.:: s.n.],, [1688?]

Physical Description

[11] pl. (incl. t.-pl.) (all dble.); 655 mm.

Responsibility Note

The title-plate states that the whole design is by Le Brun and that he himself executed it in fresco, apart from two scenes painted by Van der Meulen. Two plates name Le Brun as the designer; one plate [pl. 9] names the souce-artist as Mignard. Only one plate carries the name of a draughtsman - plate [9], which is signed as designed and engraved by G. Audran. Two other plates carry the names of engravers - pl. [2], as engraved by C. Simonneau, and pl. [7], as engraved by Step. Baudet, with lettering engraved by C. Berey. The title plate (plate [1]) and all other plates [3-6, 8, 10, 11] are unsigned.

References

M. Gareau & L. Beauvais, Charles Le Brun, premier peintre du roi Louis XIV (1992, English tr. 1992); Charles Le Brun: le décor de l'Escalier des Ambassadeurs à Versailles [exhibition catalogue] (1990); Le Brun à Versailles [exhibition catalogue] (1985).

Summary Note

No publication-date is given on the title-plate. One plate [2] carries the date of 1688. The only text is that engraved on the title-plate; which includes an eleven-line introduction. The other ten plates show parts of the decoration of the Grand Escalier at Versailles, each with a short explanatory caption. The Escalier was part of the state apartments, and Le Brun was instructed to decorate its walls and vaults with scenes promoting the reputation of King Louis XIV; which he executed between 1674 and 1678. The larger panels show recent political events such as the king's passage of the Rhine and the submission of Franche-Comté; while the window-openings are surrounded by representations of the months, ancient deities and allegoric figures. These decorations were further embellished with sculptures by A. Coyzevox (1678-81). Le Brun's decorations were an expression of the taste for solemn magnificence that is associated with the Louis XIV style. Later in the king's reign a lighter, freer style began to come into vogue. In 1750 the staircase was demolished. In 1895 P.E. Sansom incorporated a copy of it in his Hôtel de Castellanes, Paris.

Provenance

Recorded in RAA Library, Catalogue, 1802.

Binding Note

20th-century red cloth-covered boards; the spine lettered 'Le Grand Escalier De Versailles - Le Brun.'

Name as Subject

Subject

Staircases - Ceilings - Interior decoration - Paintings, European - Paintings, French - Palaces - France - Versailles - History - 17th century - Baroque
Rulers - Monarchs - Publicizing - Public relations - France - 17th century
Pictorial works - France - 17th century

Contributors

Charles Le Brun, 1619-1690, source artist
Gérard Audran, draughtsman, engraver
Pierre Mignard, source artist
Charles Simonneau, engraver
Étienne Baudet, engraver
Claude Auguste Berey, engraver