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Fundation For Det Kongelig Danske Skildre- Bildhugger- Og Bygnings-Academie i Kiöbenhavn. Fondation De L'Academie Royale Danoise De Peinture, Sculpture, Et Architecture Etablie A Copenhague.

Denmark - Sovereign (1746-1766: Frederick V)

RA Collection: Book

Record number



Variant Title

Fondation De L'Academie Royale Danoise De Peinture, Sculpture, Et Architecture Etablie A Copenhague.


(Copenhague,): Trykt Hos Ludolph Henrich Lillie (Chez Les Freres Philibert.), (MDCCLVIII.)

Physical Description

[70] p., [2] fold. leaves: illus.; 233 mm. (Quarto).


[T.p. in Danish] - [Text in Danish, of the Articles of 1754] - [T.p. in Danish and text in Danish of the Articles as revised in 1758] - Tabel Over Hver Articulus Inhold - [Fold. pl.] - [T.p. in French] - [Text in French of the 1754 Articles and 1758 revisions] - Table De Ce Qui Est Contenu Dans Chaque Article - [ Fold. pl.].

Responsibility Note

In-text illustrations and engraved decorations are unsigned.


The instrument of foundation (1768) of the Royal Academy of Arts in London is printed as an appendix in S.C. Hutchison, The history of the Royal Academy 1768-1986 (1986). On the history of academies of art see A.W. Boschloo, ed., Academies Of Art (1989) (Esp. pp. 511-59 for the Danish Academy); N. Pevsner, Academies of art (1940 / R 1973).

Summary Note

The French title-page reads: 'Fondation De L'Academie Royale Danoise de Peinture, Sculpture, Et Architecture Etablie A Copenhague. A Copenhague, Chez Les Freres Philibert. MDCCLVIII.' An English version of this charter was also printed by Lillie in 1758. The folding charts list the officers and members of the Academy in 1758. The Danish and French texts of the 1754 articles both have an in-text illustration showing the seals of the Academy. In modern times the application of the term 'Academy' to art institutions began in Italy with the founding of the Accademia del Disegno at Florence in 1563. The term reflected the desire of artists to raise the status of their craft to that of a liberal art. From Florence the phenomenon spread to other parts of Italy (Perugia 1573, Bologna 1582, Rome 1593, Milan 1620, Modena 1637) and to northern Europe (Haarlem, ca. 1600). The very favourable reception accorded to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture founded at Paris in 1648 (with its Académie de France at Rome from 1666) led to a proliferation of Academies; among which we may mention, merely as a representative selection, those at Turin (1678), Vienna (1692), Berlin (1697), Dresden (1705), Brussels (1711), Madrid (1744), Copenhagen (1754), Naples (1755), St. Petersburg (1757), London (1768), Stockholm (1768) and Mexico (1785).


Presented to the Academy by Robert Levett, by the hand of Dr Johnson by 11 June 1772 (RAA CM I 137).

Copy Note

The title page is inscribed in pencil in an unidentified hand, 'Given by Dr Levitt'.

Binding Note

19th-century cloth-covered boards; 20th-century half calf, red morocco spine-label lettered 'Fundation For Det Kongelig Danske'.

Name as Subject


Academies (organizations) - Schools - Art education - Government policy - Teaching - Art and state - Denmark - Copenhagen - History - 18th century