A History Of Discoveries At Halicarnassus, Cnidus & Branchidæ. By C.T. Newton, M.A. Keeper Of The Greek And Roman Antiquities, British Museum. Assisted By R.P. Pullan, F.R.I.B.A. Vol. I. - Plates.

Sir Charles Thomas Newton

RA Collection: Book

Record number




London:: Day & Son, Lithographers To The Queen, Gate Street, Lincoln's-Inn Fields., 1862.

Physical Description

[8] p., add. engr. t.pl., 97 pl.; 551 mm.


[Add. engr. t.pl., t.p., dedic.] - Description Of Plates; [colophon] - [Plates].

Responsibility Note

Most plates are signed by draughtsmen, R.P. Pullan, R.M. Smith, 'M.N.', A. Goodier, B. Spackman; some, as from photographs by B. Spackman or Macartney; some as simply from photographs. Most carry the name of a lithographer, T. Picken, E. Wagner, F. Jones, A. Goodier, G. McCulloch, E. Walker, R.M. Bryson.

Each carries the imprint of Day and Son.

The text printer is named in the colophon: 'Cox And Wyman, Printers, Great Queen Street, Lincoln's-Inn Fields, London.'

The work is dedicated 'To Viscount Stratford De Redcliffe, Under Whose Auspices The Researchs Which Led To The Discovery Of The Mausoleum Were First Undertaken'.


An overview of 19th-century archaeology of Turkey is G. Bodon, 'La riscoperta dell'Asia minore: per una storia dei viaggi e e degli scavi', in Città storiche dell'Asia minore occidentale (1993). Growth of the British Museum's displays is recounted in I. Jenkins, Archaeologists and aesthetes in the sculpture galleries of the British Museum 1800-1939 (1992). On Newton see B.F. Cook, 'Sir Charles Newton', in Sculptors and sculpture of Caria [colloquium] (1993), and Newton's own Travels and discoveries in the Levant (1865).

Summary Note

The publication-date of 1862 is given on the title page. The added engraved title-plate carries the date of 'Aug. 23rd. 1861'.

The book is a record of C.T. Newton's excavations at Halicarnassus in 1856, and his later work at Cnidus and Didyma. His expedition was financed by the British Government, who also allowed him the assistance of the architect R.P. Pullan and of military and naval engineers. One of the latter, R.M. Smith, identified the site of the famous Mausoleum, the tomb erected for Mausolus of Caria by his sister in 353 B.C.; and another, B. Spackman, made a photographic record of the excavations. Newton was one of the first archaeologists to have a photographer on his staff. In later years Newton became Keeper of the Greek and Roman Antiquities at the British Museum and Professor of Classical Archaeology at University College, London; and from 1881 to 1894 he was Antiquary to the Royal Academy.

The plates show maps, views, plans, sections and details of the architecture at Halicarnassus and Cnidus, views of several monumental sculptures, and Greek inscriptions recovered from Halicarnassus, Cnidus and Branchidae (Didyma). Some show the archaeologists, engineers and Turkish assistants working or encamped among the ruins.

Plates 29 and 33 are printed in colour.


11 June 1861: 'Ordered to purchase C. T. Newton's Halicarnassus, Cnidus & Branchidae £12.12.0.' (RA Council Minutes, XII, 32). Day & Son was paid £12.12.0. during the first quarter of 1862 which suggests Council's approval of this purchase was retroactive (see RA Accounts, Treasurer's Quarterly Abstract of Bills, RAA/TRE/1/4).

Another copy was subsequently presented by the Trustees of the British Museum (acknowledged 4 November 1863, RA Council Minutes, XII, 153).

Binding Note

19th-century brown cloth-covered boards, upper cover lettered 'Discoveries At Halicarnassus Cnidus & Branchidæ. By C.T. Newton. Vol. I. Plates.'; spine lettered 'Halicarnassus, Cnidus And Branchidæ - C.T. Newton. Plates - Vol. I' and 'London Day & Son'.

Name as Subject


Architecture, Greek - Architecture details - Public sculpture - Tombs - Mausoleums - Monuments - Ruins - Inscriptions, Greek - Turkey - Bodrum - Halicarnassus (extinct city) - Cnidus (Turkey: extinct city) - Didyma (extinct city) - History - 4th century B.C.
British - Expeditions - Archaeology - Excavation (process) - Archaeological sites - Turkey - Bodrum - Halicarnassus (extinct city) - Cnidus (Turkey: extinct city) - Didyma (extinct city) - History - 19th century
Reports - Views - Plans - Elevations - Maps - Great Britain - 19th century
Pictorial works - Lithographs - Colour printing - Great Britain - 19th century


R.P. Pullan, draughtsman
Robert Mudoch Smith R.E., draughtsman
B. Spackman R.E., draughtsman, photographer
Macartney, photographer
Arthur Goodier, draughtsman, lithographer
Thomas Picken, lithographer
E. Wagner, lithographer
F. Jones, lithographer
G. McCulloch, lithographer
E. Walker, lithographer
Robert M. Bryson, lithographer
Stratford Canning, Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, dedicatee
Day and Son, lithographic printer, publisher
Cox and Wyman (London), printer

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